Biblical Readings for each day's Mass,
(as listed in the Liturgical Calendar for Ireland, 2018)

11 February. Sixth Sunday

(Our Lady of Lourdes; St Gobnait)

1st Reading: Leviticus 13:1ff

Lepers must live apart from the community. Only a priest can pronounce a leper cured

The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: When a person has on the skin of his body a swelling or an eruption or a spot, and it turns into a leprous disease on the skin of his body, he shall be brought to Aaron the priest or to one of his sons the priests. he is leprous, he is unclean. The priest shall pronounce him unclean; the disease is on his head.

The person who has the leprous disease shall wear torn clothes and let the hair of his head be disheveled; and he shall cover his upper lip and cry out, "Unclean, unclean." He shall remain unclean as long as he has the disease; he is unclean. He shall live alone; his dwelling shall be outside the camp.

Responsorial Psalm (from Ps 32)

Response: I turn to you, Lord, in time of trouble, and you fill me with the joy of salvation

Blessed is he whose fault is taken away,
   whose sin is covered.
Blessed the man to whom the Lord imputes not guilt,
   in whose spirit there is no guile. (R./)

Then I acknowledged my sin to you,
   my guilt I did not hide.
I said, I confess my faults to the Lord,
   and you took away the guilt of my sin. (R./)

Be glad in the Lord and rejoice, you just;
   exult, all you upright of heart. (R./)

2nd Reading: 1 Corinthians 10:31-11:1

Do all to the glory of God. And please people if you can

So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, just as I try to please all men in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved.

Be imitators of me, as I am of Christ.

Gospel: Mark 1:40-45

Jesus cures a leper by the healing touch of his hand. Then he wants the cure recognised, so the man can rejoin his local community

A leper came to him begging him, and kneeling he said to him, "If you choose, you can make me clean." Moved with pity, Jesus stretched out his hand and touched him, and said to him, "I do choose. Be made clean!" Immediately the leprosy left him, and he was made clean.

After sternly warning him he sent him away at once, saying to him, "See that you say nothing to anyone; but go, show yourself to the priest, and offer for your cleansing what Moses commanded, as a testimony to them." But he went out and began to proclaim it freely, and to spread the word, so that Jesus could no longer go into a town openly, but stayed out in the country; and people came to him from every quarter.


Leprosy of the soul

Today's mention of leprosy in the Gospel can also be applied to something other than that physical disease itself. This is suggested by the Responsorial Psalm that celebrates the joy of people who confess their sins and experience forgiveness. Spiritual writers regard sin as a kind of leprosy of the soul. The ancient world tried to prevent the spread of leprosy by isolating the lepers, make them live outside the camp or town. They had to call aloud, "Unclean, unclean!" as a warning to anyone approaching them. Also, whoever had the misfortune to even touch a leper would be regarded as unclean, and would be excluded from the community. Sin is a kind of social leprosy. In the church of Jesus, a sin committed by any individual member is never a purely private affair, but a rejection in some degree of the standards the community is pledged to uphold. One of the most disturbing sayings of Christ in the gospels was his reference to Judas at the Last Supper: "Not one of them is lost, except the one who chose to be lost" (Jn 17:12).

There is a touching humility in the leper's request to Jesus, "If you want to, you can cure me." This appeal was met with compassion by Jesus, who, as St Mark comments,was moved with pity. He went further, stretching out his hand and touching the leper, so making himself unclean according to the law. Shortly afterwards “Jesus could no longer go openly into any town, but had to stay outside in country places.” This compassion for suffering humanity resulted in more and more people coming to him. Even today the outstretched arms of God's Son on the cross are a never-ending invitation to sinners to seek refuge with him. No longer was the leper, when cured, forced to live apart from others. After showing himself to the priest he was re-admitted as a member of the community.

What in the past was called confession is now called the sacrament of reconciliation. We should reflect that just as mortal sin is not an isolated act, but rather the culmination of a series of minor infidelities, so reconciliation is a gradual return to God over a period of time, with the reception of the sacrament as the high point, a time to celebrate our joy and gratitude in being at one with God again. This conversion, this newly-found commitment to the Lord is a thing which has to be constantly renewed. There is an enduring need for reconciliation, if we want to love God with our whole strength, and our neighbour as ourselves — the task Christ has set each of us when he said, "This do, and you will live."

A Word of Thanks

Today's story may be an early version of the healing of the ten lepers as told by St Luke (Luke 17:11-19).. But the point is quite different. In Mark's version Jesus heals the leper by a touch of his hand. Then, far from not thanking Jesus, the healed man goes about shouting his gratitude to all who would listen. The passage is made obscure by Mark's recurring literary device of the "Messianic Secret," implying that Jesus wanted to keep his true identity a secret. Many biblical scholars regard as just an odd literary device used by Mark to add drama to his story. While Jesus did not want to be known as the kind of military messiah that so many people in his time wanted and expected, it seems unlikely that after each miraculous healing he would tell people to be quiet and tell nobody about it.

The predicament of lepers in the time of Jesus was truly pathetic. Those unfortunates were debarred from all social life, both religious and commercial. We might try to explain their plight with examples from one's local surroundings, although it is difficult to find such an all-embracing boycott, in modern cultures. Jesus crosses social and religious boundaries in order to cure the leper. But before this could happen, the leper had the courage to break the Law of isolation. The poor outcast has such hopes from this holy man that he risks a rebuke for ignoring the normal prohibitions. At the heart of the encounter, compassion moves Jesus not only to respond with a word of encouragement, but also to reach out and touch him. This shows us God's attitude to human disability. He wishes to reach us in our weakness and restore us to fullness of life.

It is wonderful but not enough that the outcast have his skin restored to healthy condition. Without the permission of the priest he could not regain his place in society and would remain an social outcast. Jesus wishes to reestablish communion in a broken human family. Leprosy drove people away from others through the fear of the healthy that they would contract the dread disease Jesus wishes to remove these barriers between human beings and set up a communion that is free and harmonious. We might apply this to our own community by instancing types of bias and prejudice that exist locally and invite people to ask the Lord to heal whatever keeps them at a distance from certain others. Continuing reconciliation is necessary as we go through life and receive various types of hurts, which could make us withdraw from others as the leper did. It requires the courage of the leper to bring these hurts and fears to the Lord for healing.

A different homily could be built on the second reading. Paul's emphasis on thought for the other's good is a reminder that none of us can ignore. He does not pander to the desires of others, but in a generous spirit thinks of how his actions might affect them. He wants to imitate the Lord, who loved his brethren even unto death. Paul wants to love them in their weakness and to work for their advantage. This type of attitude is unto the glory of God in ordinary things, such as eating and drinking. It resembles the practical advice given by Matthew in 18:10 that no one can ignore anyone else, even the least.

Healing the isolated

We all need to connect with others, to interact with them. We don't like to feel isolated or cut off from family, friends, or the wider community. One of the most challenging aspects of sickness or disability can be the isolation that it brings. When we are ill or our body grows weak we cannot take the same initiative we used to take to connect with others. People can become housebound because of their physical condition; the things they used to do to meet up with others are no longer possible. Certain forms of illness can be more isolating than others. The most isolating form of illness in the time of Jesus was leprosy. For hygienic reasons, lepers had to live apart, 'outside the camp', in the words of today's first reading. Lepers were only allowed to have each other for company. They lived apart from their family, their friends and the community to which they belonged.

Both Jesus and of the leper have something to say to us about steps we can take to break out of our isolation, even when the odds seem to be stacked against us. We can all be tempted from time to time to retreat into our shell, whether it is because of our health or some disability or some past experience that has drained us of life. It is at such times that we need something of the initiative and daring energy of the leper. There can come a time when, like the leper, we need to take our courage in our own hands and, against the conventional expectation, to head out in some bold direction. It was desperation that drove the leper to seek out Jesus. Sometimes for us too, it can be our desperation that finally gets us going, gets us to connect with that person who matters to us and to whom we matter more than we realize or gets us to link up with some gathering or some group that has the potential to do us good or maybe even to transform our lives. Sometimes I can be amazed at the initiatives that some people take to connect with others, people who are much less healthier than I am and are much less physically able. I come across it all the time in the parish – older people who have mastered the internet and have come completely at home with Skype; younger people who in spite of some serious disability have found the means to live a very full life that is marked by the service of others. The man in today's gospel who approaches Jesus could well be the patron saint of all those who strive to connect with others against all the odds.

Unlike the leper, Jesus was perfectly healthy, but he had the same desire to connect with others. When approached by the leper, he could have turned away, as most people would have. Jesus stood his ground and engaged with the leper, reached out to him not only by word but by action. He not only spoke to him, but he touched him. Jesus often healed people by means of his word alone; but this man who had suffered from extreme isolation really needed to be touched. Jesus did more than was asked of him; he took an initiative as daring as the leper's move towards him. He went as far as any human being could go to deliver this man from his isolation. What the Lord did for the leper he wishes to continue doing through each one of us in our own day. There are many isolated and lonely people among us. The scope is there for all of us to take the kind of step that Jesus took towards the leper.

Our Lady of Lourdes

In 1854 Pope Pius IX, defined doctrine of the Immaculate Conception of Mary as a dogma ex cathedra. Our Lady of Lourdes is a title under which the Blessed Virgin Mary is honoured, because of a series of 18 personal visions granted in the Spring of 1858 at the rock of Massabiele in Lourdes, France, to Bernadette Soubirous (1844-1879) ), peasant girl who was then 14 years old. Her visions, in which Our Lady called herself by the title the Immaculate Conception, were acknowledged by the local bishop as authentic, and helped to establish the doctrine among Catholics worldwide. Many have experienced the Marian sanctuary at Lourdes in France as a very special sacred space, where the nearness of the supernatural can be felt, and which flows into many works of mercy towards the sick.


Saint Gobnait

Gobnait, also known as Abigail, is the name of a 6th century Irish saint whose church was Móin Mór, later Bairnech, in the village of Ballyvourney, County Cork, Ireland. Gobnait is said to have started a religious order and dedicated her days to helping the sick. Her activities included beekeeping, for which he had a lifelong affinity.