Daily Readings for Mass.
(Liturgical Calendar for Ireland, 2019)

15 July. Monday, Week 15

1st Reading: Exodus 1:8-14, 22

A new Pharaoh enslaves the Israelites and threatens them with extinction.

Now a new king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph. He said to his people, "Look, the Israelite people are more numerous and more powerful than we. Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, or they will increase and, in the event of war, join our enemies and fight against us and escape from the land." Therefore they set taskmasters over them to oppress them with forced labour. They built supply cities, Pithom and Rameses, for Pharaoh. But the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread, so that the Egyptians came to dread the Israelites. The Egyptians became ruthless in imposing tasks on the Israelites, and made their lives bitter with hard service in mortar and brick and in every kind of field labour. They were ruthless in all the tasks that they imposed on them.

Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, "Every boy that is born to the Hebrews you shall throw into the Nile, but you shall let every girl live."

Psalm 123)

Response: Our help is in the name of the Lord.

'If the Lord had not been on our side,'
  this is Israel's song,
'If the Lord had not been on our side
  when men rose against us,
then would they have swallowed us alive
  when their anger was kindled. (R./)

Then would the waters have engulfed us,
  the torrent gone over us;
over our head would have swept the raging waters.'
  Blessed be the Lord who did not give us a prey to their teeth! (R./)

Our life, like a bird, has escaped
  from the snare of the fowler.
Indeed the snare has been broken
  and we have escaped.
Our help is in the name of the Lord,
  who made heaven and earth. (R./)

Gospel: Matthew 10:34, 11:1

Jesus foresees division within families about the gospel.

Jesus said to the Twelve, "Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth; I have not come to bring peace, but a sword. For I have come to set a man against his father, and a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; and one's foes will be members of one's own household.

Whoever loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me; and whoever loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; and whoever does not take up he cross and follow me is not worthy of me. Those who find their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will find it.

"Whoever welcomes you welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. Whoever welcomes a prophet in the name of a prophet will receive a prophet's reward; and whoever welcomes a righteous person in the name of a righteous person will receive the reward of the righteous; and whoever gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones in the name of a disciple, truly I tell you, none of these will lose their reward."


Peace and Conflict

Beginning today, the readings from Exodus lead up to the appearance of God on Mount Sinai (chap. 19), followed by the guidelines for keeping the covenant (chaps. 20-23), and its solemn ratification (chap. 24). Fidelity is the key. Keeping this covenant will be Israel's way to stay at peace with God and with each other. Today's Gospel is the conclusion of a major sermons, the missionary discourse, spoken by Jesus to those who were to continue his work in the world. We are reminded, implicitly by Exodus and explicitly in the gospel, that following the will of God can be hard, even disruptive of peace at times. Jesus states a dramatic paradox, "I am to spread, not peace, but the sword." (Luke blunted this expression by changing "sword" to "division" .. Luke 12:51).

The gospel states the inevitability of suffering and division, quite unsought and undesired. We may remember Simeon's "blessing" and words to Mary as she held the infant Jesus in her arms: "This child is destined to be the downfall and the rise of many in Israel, a sign that will be opposed" (Luke 2:34). The sword of division is raised for freedom in the Book of Exodus and by family disputes according to Jesus' words. Exodus records how a new king who "did not know Joseph" came to power in Egypt. Archaeology and history have revealed political and social upheavals in support of this. A native Egyptian dynasty had finally driven out the old and hated Asiatic (Hyksos) dynasty from Egypt, and in the backlash of fear and hatred towards all Asiatics, the Israelites were reduced to slave labour. God's people were oppressed because of racial bias and nationalistic envy.

Sometimes problems about faith can arise within our own family circle. Again it is not peace at any price, but only that peace that can coexist with a sincere resolve to follow Jesus. If the sword of discord has to strike within family relationships, it must not be for dominance or personal ambition but only for the sake of conscience. But the sword of violence never brings clear moral solutions, whatever the dispute may be. We are summoned to be sincere and strong, to be willing to suffer and bear the cross, to be humble and lowly, to be men and women of trust in Jesus.


Saint Bonaventure, priest and doctor of the Church

Giovanni di Fidanza (1221-1274) was an Italian scholastic theologian and philosopher who took the religious name Bonaventura when he joined the Order of Friars Minor. Subsequently he became minister general of the Franciscans and cardinal bishop of Albano. His lifetime coincides almost exactly with that of his celebrated Dominican contemporary, Thomas Aquinas. Much admired as a teacher, Bonaventure was nicknamed the "Seraphic Doctor" and declared a Doctor of the Church in 1588.