Biblical Readings for each day's Mass,
(as listed in the Liturgical Calendar for Ireland, 2017)

27 June, 2017. Tuesday of Week 12

Saint Cyril of Alexandria

1st Reading: Genesis 13:2, 5-18

The herdsmen of Abram and Lot quarrel, and the two groups go their separate ways

Now Abram was very rich in livestock, in silver, and in gold. Now Lot, who went with Abram, also had flocks and herds and tents, so that the land could not support both of them living together; for their possessions were so great that they could not live together, and there was strife between the herders of Abram's livestock and the herders of Lot's livestock. At that time the Canaanites and the Perizzites lived in the land.

Then Abram said to Lot, "Let there be no strife between you and me, and between your herders and my herders; for we are kindred. Is not the whole land before you? Separate yourself from me. If you take he left hand, then I will go to the right; or if you take the right hand, then I will go to the left." Lot looked about him, and saw that the plain of the Jordan was well watered everywhere like the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt, in the direction of Zoar; this was before the Lord had destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah. So Lot chose for himself all the plain of the Jordan, and Lot journeyed eastward; thus they separated from each other. Abram settled in the land of Canaan, while Lot settled among the cities of the Plain and moved his tent as far as Sodom. Now the people of Sodom were wicked, great sinners against the Lord.

The Lord said to Abram, after Lot had separated from him, "Raise your eyes now, and look from the place where you are, northward and southward and eastward and westward; for all the land that you see I will give to you and to your offspring forever. I will make your offspring like the dust of the earth; so that if one can count the dust of the earth, your offspring also can be counted. Rise up, walk through the length and the breadth of the land, for I will give it to you." So Abram moved his tent, and came and settled by the oaks of Mamre, which are at Hebron; and there he built an altar to the Lord.

Gospel: Matthew 7:6, 12-14

Various warnings, towards the end of the Sermon on the Mount

Jesus said to his disciples,
"Do not give what is holy to dogs; and do not throw your pearls before swine, or they will trample them under foot and turn and maul you."

"In everything do to others as you would have them do to you; for this is the law and the prophets. Enter through the narrow gate; for the gate is wide and the road is easy that leads to destruction, and there are many who take it. For the gate is narrow and the road is hard that leads to life, and there are few who find it."


Coping with Success

Today's texts manifest the age-old truth that in life people often cope better in pursuing their hopes than with having too much leisure or luxury. People who must work hard and pass through all the stages of developing a business, a farm, or a family inheritance, generally show more care and appreciation for the results of their work, and deeper joy in their creativity, than the next generation who receive it on a golden platter.

Isn't it possible to be trapped by our own success if it comes too early? We tend to make our worst mistakes when we have the money and the leisure to do so, and even family members turn against each other in the flush of prosperity. Today's Scripture not only reflects our common difficulty in dealing with success, education and achievement; it also advises us on a way out of this impasse. Abram's first goal was not wealth, prestige, honour or security, but peace. He said to Lot, "Let there be no strife between your herdsmen and mine, for we are relatives." This peace is marked with dignity and love and the sense of family, leading to the generous and gracious offer: "If you prefer the left, I will go to the right; if you prefer the right, I will go to the left." Abram shows quiet reflection and good judgment, an approach that illustrates the advice of Jesus, not to toss your pearls before swine, or to follow the wide and easy way to damnation.

The narrow gate

The image of the narrow gate and the hard road in the gospel suggests that being Jesus' disciple will make demands on us. Whereas we can saunter through a wide gate without much thought, to get through a narrow gate we have to concentrate and focus our attention. It takes a certain amount of concentration and alertness to get through a narrow gate. Jesus is reminding us that being a follower of his requires a degree of deliberation and attentiveness on our part; it doesn't happen automatically. The adjective "narrow" tends to have a pejorative meaning in our culture. No one wants to be considered narrow; we like to think of ourselves as broad minded. The gospel today suggests that a certain narrowness is called for in the following of the Lord, in the sense that it often means excluding all kinds of pathways that are well trod. Saying "yes" to the Lord's way requires saying "no" to a lot of other ways. But Jesus also declares that this narrowing down which following him entails ultimately leads to a great expansiveness, the great expanse of God's life. The gate may be narrow buy what is beyond has a length, breath, width and depth which surpasses knowledge.

Saint Cyril of Alexandria, Doctor of the Church

Cyril (378-444), from Alexandria in Egypt was the Patriarch of the Church in Alexandria from 412 to 444. He wrote extensively and was a leading protagonist in the Christological controversies of the late-4th and 5th centuries. He was a central figure in the Council of Ephesus in 431, which declared the mother of Jesus as "Theotokos" (the one who gave birth to God).